Chronological History of Search Engines

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Go to the library, looking through the book catalog, and find it on the bookshelf. Sound old-fashioned, is not it? Yes, this time to find the information we do not need to go to the library or buy a newspaper every morning. Now, whenever there is information on the internet. However, it would be very inconvenient if the need to find the information we want by way of elaborate one on one.

There is a search engine, aka the Search Engines. He has changed the way human beings to seek information. Although in certain scientific level of information should remain based on the book, but most of the information we want can be found on the internet. Whenever, wherever, as long as it has internet connection, you can find any information.

You know that the largest search engine and the world's most widely used is Google. However, the giant company it is not the first. The question is, when the search engine history begin? Who to start?

The history of search engines need to be linked with the history of the Internet itself. Following this, the search engine development history in chronological order:

- 1957
Jealous of the success of Russia that is able to go into space, the president of the United States, Dwight Eisenhower, ordered the construction of the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). By embracing some universities, they finally created the ARPAnet which was the father of fathers of modern internet era.

- 1960
Ted Nelson created Project Xanadu and three years later managed to create a hypertext that contains the hyperlink. Now, we know the word link (link).

- 1980
Development of the Internet moves to Europe. Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist working at CERN, create a program to store information with random associations. This program is used for private and not published.

- 1989
Archie search engine is made. Regarded as the ancestor of all the search engines that exist today. Archie was created by Alan Emtage, a McGill university student from Barbados. Before there was Archie, one should look for information one by one. Or, just surf when a friend suggested a specific link to visit.

- 1991
With the help of Robert Cailliau, Berners-Lee writes World Wide Web (www) for the first time. First published on the world in the summer of that year.

- 1993
Aliweb search engine is the first search engine for the www. Created by Martijn Koster. The site owner must register their site to Aliweb to be searched with ease. Because of that, Aliweb not widely used.

- 1994
Yahoo! created by Jerry Wang and David Fillo their cars at home. Initially, Yahoo created to mark the sites they have visited.

- 1994
Lycos was made by Dr.. Michael Loren Mauldin.

- 1995
Altavista made by Louis Monier and Michael Burrows.

- 1995
Excite created by Graham Spencer, Joe Kraus, Mark Van Haren, Ryan McIntyre, Ben Lutch, Martin Reinfreid.

- 1996
Ask Jeeves made by Garett Gruener and David Warthen.

- 1996
Inktomi created by Eric Brewer and Paul Gauthier. In the same year, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, Stanford University students, began to make BackRub. The new concept is introduced making the search engine. This is a forerunner to Google that was born the following year.

- 1997
This year, Larry Page and Sergey Brin rename BackRub a Googol. However, in his presentation, the presenter introduced as Google, that's a global name now.

- 1998
Introduced as a search engine paid. Companies have to pay if you want the site at the top. The company must pay one dollar if someone clicks on its site.

- 1998
MSN launched at the end of the year. This search engine later renamed Windows Live Search in 2006, and in 2008 changed again to Bing.

- 2000
Inspired, Google makes Adwords.

- 2000
Yahoo! still use Google to search.

- 2003
Yahoo! acquired Inktomi, GoTo, AltaVista, and AllTheWeb. That same year, Google introduced AdSense that allows website owners to display ads. Google will pay the owner of the site when a user clicks on display ads.

- 2004
Yahoo! began to activate its own search engine.

- 2006
Google acquired YouTube, a site that can play video, as well as video search engines are the most widely used today. In the same year, the number of searchers are increasingly numerous and increasingly complex systems, the more information that unwanted present. Google Sitemaps allow a site to enter a site map to search more relevant.

- 2009
Google is able to search 8 billion websites and search process up to 70% throughout the internet. That makes Google the most accessible sites in the world. But, as the introduction of Bing from Microsoft, they compete to share the market.

- 2010
Google Instant introduced. With the new system, the search began when typing in a keyword search, without the need to press enter.

Title Post: Chronological History of Search Engines
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Author: Dede Purnama

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